Colombo was Sri Lanka's first capital up to recent times. To the north of the city is the Fort district, the country's business centre. South is Galle Face Green, a seafront expanse of occasional green graced by cricket games and trysting lovers. Cinnamon Gardens , further south, is the most fashionable neighbourhood, with mansions and tree-lined streets.
The serene 'capital' of the hill country, and the historical bastion of Buddhist power, is built around a peaceful lake and set in a picturesque bowl of hills. It has a distinctive architectural character and the town centre is a delightful compendium of old shops, buses, markets and hotels.
Located at the southern tip of the island, the total protected area covers 98,000 hectares. The park contains elephants, wild boars, peacocks and other birds. Certain areas are strict natural reserves. Yala west with itsscrub jungle, rock out crops, tanks and lagoons is open to visitors.
West coast of Sri Lanka, a popular tourist destination is a also a breeding ground for turtles. Legend say that Unwatuna was created from a piece of earth from Himalaya, that had fallen from Hanuman in the Ramayanaya epic. Rated as one of the twelve best beaches in the world , Unawatuna was known for its picturesque beach along a sheltered bay more suitable for swimming and snorkelling than most of the other beach destinations in Sri Lanka.
Traditionally called as Maha-Eliya was founded by Sir Robert Hortain , the British Governor in 1831-37 . Established as a nature reserve in 1969 and a National Park in 1988. Hortain Plains is situated in the hills of Sri Lanka , which is approximately 32 Km from Nuwara-Eliya . At a height of approx. 2300 meters, the land area it covers is 3159 hectares. The popular "Word's End" with drop of 275 meters and the big "World's End" with a drop of 885 meters is situated at Hortain Plains. With average temperature of 15ºc - 22ºc. It is home for Samber and endemic birds of Sri Lanka.
An ancient city, Polonnaruwa features 12th-century stone sculptures, an old irrigation system with huge tanks, and the Gal Vihara: three enormous Buddha figures - one reclining (it's 44 ft/13 m long), one standing and one sitting. The statues, located in a cluster along a dirt road, are revered as being among the most sacred monuments in Sri Lanka . There are also palace ruins and great bas-reliefs and friezes (especially the elephants carved around the Audience Hall).